Established in the year 1956 and situated in the north of Urumqi city, Xinjiang Medical University is a unique comprehensive Medicine University full of moral endemic and regional character including that of its antecedents, Xinjiang Chinese Medical College and Xinjiang Medical College. Affirmed by the Chinese Ministry of Education in 1998, XJMU has authoritatively developed into an extensive and comprehensive medicine University for teaching, treatment, and master scientific research. The college is comprised of 16 universities/resources, 13,848 staff, 21,818 candidates including 600+ global candidates. In 2006, XJMU was gladly granted "Brilliant" in undergrad teaching standards assessed by the Ministry of Education in China. It is likewise affirmed among the main group of institutions to admit foreign medicine candidates in 2009. After beinged as "Advanced International Education Organization", Xinjiang Medical University is named as "Modeling Base for International Education". In 2013, XJMU gained great result in the worldwide M.B.B.S. undergrad education assessment and the scale of the universal medical education become as the main pioneer at the national level. International Education College is in charge of international candidate’s management. The university provides all levels of programs including undergrad, postgraduate, doctorate degrees, and also language training and Chinese/Western Medicine training courses. International candidates, hospital staff and medical researchers from different nations are warmly welcome to XJMU and their associated hospitals for research and academic exchange.
The campus has a number of buildings from the late Russian era in Xinjiang. Xinjiang Medical University campus has been completely updated and modernized and a library, canteens, hospitals and training centers are included facilities. The experimental laboratories include modern bio information processing systems and models.
In 1995, the university built a new library building which now covers 16,000 m2 and has over 1.07 million books. There are about 1,300 periodicals and journals available in Chinese and other languages. Six book databases have been introduced and there is a connection to Partners Harvard Medical International's library database. The library seats more than 2500 in the reader’s area and over 350 in the electronic library access area.